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How To Calculate Masters CGPA (2024)

Earning a master’s degree showcases your dedication, intellectual prowess, and thirst for deeper knowledge. As you wrap up semesters of hard work, a critical question arises: How do you calculate your overall academic performance?

Understanding and accurately calculating your Master’s CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) is crucial for scholarships, applications, and future academic pursuits.

Diverse Grading Systems Across the Globe

Universities worldwide use various grading scales and credit systems. Let's explore some prominent institutions and their approaches:

  1. United States:

    • 4.0 GPA scale, with A = 4, B = 3, C = 2, D = 1, and F = 0.
    • CGPA calculated by dividing total grade points earned by total credit hours attempted.
  2. United Kingdom:

    • 100% scale, with distinctions at 70% and above.
    • CGPA involves converting letter grades to numerical equivalents and averaging over all modules/courses.
  3. Australia and New Zealand:

    • Percentage-based system with varying grade ranges for distinctions, credits, passes, and fails.
    • CGPA calculation usually involves weighted averages based on credit values assigned to each course.
  4. India:

    • 10-point GPA scale, where 10 represents outstanding performance and 0 signifies failure.
    • CGPA calculated by averaging semester-wise GPAs, weighted by credits.

Mastering the Calculation Process: Simple Steps

While specific formulas may vary based on your university’s grading system, the core principle of CGPA calculation remains the same:

  1. Gather Information:

    • Collect your transcripts or grade reports for all completed semesters/terms.
  2. Identify Grade Points:

    • Each letter grade or percentage range corresponds to a specific grade point value. Refer to your university’s official grading scheme for assigned point values.
  3. Multiply Points by Credits:

    • For each course, multiply the earned grade points by the assigned credit hours/units. This gives you the “quality points” earned for that course.
  4. Sum Quality Points:

    • Add up the quality points earned across all courses in all semesters/terms.
  5. Calculate Total Credit Hours:

    • Sum the credit hours/units for all courses you’ve attempted.
  6. Divide and Conquer:

    • Divide the total quality points by the total credit hours. The result is your CGPA!

FAQs About CGPA Calculation

  • What if my university has a different grading scale?

    • Adapt the calculation steps to your university's specific grading system.
  • How does CGPA impact my future academic pursuits?

    • CGPA is crucial for scholarship applications and can influence admission decisions for further studies.
  • Can I improve my CGPA?

    • Yes, by performing well in upcoming semesters and retaking courses if allowed.


Mastering CGPA calculation empowers you to showcase your academic achievements accurately. Remember to adapt the steps to your university's grading system for precise results. Now, confidently navigate your academic journey with a clear understanding of your CGPA!


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